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Reason for Study in Germany

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in the western region of Central Europe. It is the second most populous country in Europe after Russia and the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany lies between the Baltic and North Sea to the north and the Alps to the south. Its 16 constituent states have a total population of over 84 million, covering a combined area of 357,600 km2 (138,100 sq. mi) and sharing land borders with Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, and France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands to the west. The nation’s capital and most populous city is Berlin and its main financial center is Frankfurt; the largest urban area is the Ruhr.
Germany has been described as a great power with a strong economy; it has the largest economy in Europe. As a global power in industrial, scientific, and technological sectors, it is the world’s third-largest exporter and importer. As a developed country it offers social security, a universal health care system, and tuition-free university education. Germany is a member of the United Nations, European Union, NATO, Council of Europe, G7, G20, and OECD. It has the third-greatest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

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Most of Germany has a temperate climate, ranging from oceanic in the north and west to continental in the east and southeast. Winters range from cold in the Southern Alps to cool and are generally overcast with limited precipitation, while summers can vary from hot and dry to cool and rainy. The northern regions have prevailing westerly winds that bring in moist air from the North Sea, moderating the temperature and increasing precipitation. Conversely, the southeast regions have more extreme temperatures.
Germany has a network of 227 diplomatic missions abroad and maintains relations with more than 190 countries. Germany is a member of NATO, the OECD, the G7, the G20, the World Bank and the IMF. It has played an influential role in the European Union since its inception and has maintained a strong alliance with France and all neighboring countries since 1990. Germany promotes creating a more unified European political, economic, and security apparatus. The governments of Germany and the United States are close political allies. Cultural ties and economic interests have crafted a bond between the two countries resulting in Atlanticism. After 1990, Germany and Russia established a “strategic partnership” in which energy development became one of the most important factors. As a result of the cooperation, Germany imported most of its natural gas and crude oil from Russia.
Responsibility for educational supervision in Germany is primarily organized within the individual states. Optional kindergarten education is provided for all children between three and six years old, after which school attendance is compulsory for at least nine years depending on the state. Primary education usually lasts for four to six years. Secondary schooling is divided into tracks based on whether students pursue academic or vocational education. A system of apprenticeship called Duale Ausbildung leads to a skilled qualification which is almost comparable to an academic degree. It allows students in vocational training to learn in a company as well as in a state-run trade school. This model is well-regarded and reproduced all around the world.
Most of the German universities are public institutions, and students traditionally study without fee payment. The general requirement for attending university is the Abitur. According to an OECD report in 2014, Germany is the world’s third leading destination for international study. The established universities in Germany include some of the oldest in the world, with Heidelberg University (established in 1386), Leipzig University (established in 1409), and the University of Rostock (established in 1419) being the oldest. The Humboldt University of Berlin, founded in 1810 by the liberal educational reformer Wilhelm von Humboldt, became the academic model for many Western universities. In the contemporary era, Germany has developed eleven Universities of Excellence.
Germany’s health care system was 77% government-funded and 23% privately funded as of 2013. In 2014, Germany spent 11.3% of its GDP on health care. Germany ranked 21st in the world in 2019 in life expectancy with 78.7 years for men and 84.8 years for women according to the WHO, and it had a very low infant mortality rate (4 per 1,000 live births). In 2019, the principal cause of death was cardiovascular disease, at 37%. Obesity in Germany has been increasingly cited as a major health issue. A 2014 study showed that 52 percent of the adult German population was overweight or obese.
Germany’s universities are recognized internationally; in the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), six of the top 100 universities in the world are in Germany and 18 of the top 200. Germany is the all-time rank holder in the QS World University Rankings. Most German universities are public institutions, charging fees of only around €60–500 per semester for each student, usually to cover expenses associated with the university cafeterias and (usually mandatory) public transport tickets. Thus, academic education is open to most citizens and studying is very common in Germany. The dual education system combines both practical and theoretical education but does not lead to academic degrees. It is more popular in Germany than anywhere else in the world and is a role model for other countries. The oldest universities in Germany are also among the oldest and best-regarded in the world, with Heidelberg University being the oldest (established in 1386 and continuous operation since then). It is followed by Cologne University (1388), Leipzig University (1409), Rostock University (1419), Greifswald University (1456), Freiburg University (1457), LMU Munich (1472) and the University of Tübingen (1477). While German universities have a strong focus on research, a large part of it is also done outside of universities in independent institutes that are embedded in academic clusters, such as within the Max Planck, Fraunhofer, Leibniz , and Helmholtz institutes. This German peculiarity of “outsourcing” research leads to a competition for funds between universities and research institutes and may negatively affect academic rankings.

Public universities in Germany are funded by the federal states and do not charge tuition fees. However, all enrolled students do have to pay a semester fee (Semesterbeitrag). This fee consists of an administrative fee for the university (only in some of the states), a fee for Studentenwerk, which is a statutory student affairs organization, a fee for the university’s AStA (Allgemeiner Studentenausschuss, students’ government), and Studentenschaft (students’ union), at many universities a fee for public transportation, and possibly more fees as decided by the university’s students’ parliament (e.g., for cooperation with a local theater granting free entry for students). Summed up, the semester fee usually ranges between €150 and €350. Since 1998, all German states have introduced tuition fees for long-time students (Langzeitstudiengebühren) of €500 up to €900 per semester. These fees are required for students who study substantially longer than the standard period of study (Regelstudienzeit), which is a defined number of semesters for each degree program. Even after the abolition of general tuition fees, tuition fees for long-time students remain in six states. Additionally, universities may charge tuition fees for so-called non-consecutive master’s degree programs, which do not build directly on a bachelor’s degree, such as a Master of Business Administration. For international students, there are different approaches to get a full scholarship or funding for their studies. To be able to get a scholarship a successful application is mandatory. It can be submitted upon arrival in Germany as well as after arrival. However, because many scholarships are only available to students who are already studying, the chances of acceptance are limited for applicants from abroad. Therefore, many foreign students have to work to finance their studies.
At German universities, students enroll in a specific program of study (Studiengang). During their studies, students can usually choose freely from all courses offered at the university. However, all bachelor’s degree programs require several particular compulsory courses and all degree programs require a minimum number of credits that must be earned in the core field of the program of study. It is not uncommon to spend longer than the regular period of study (Regelstudienzeit) at university. There are no fixed classes of students who study and graduate together. Students can change universities according to their interests and the strengths of each university. Sometimes students attend multiple different universities throughout their studies. This mobility means that at German universities there is freedom and individuality unknown in the US, the UK, or France. Professors also choose their subjects for research and teaching freely. This academic freedom is laid down in the German constitution. Since German universities do not offer accommodation or meals, students are expected to organize and pay for board and lodging themselves. Inexpensive places in dormitories are available from Studentenwerk, a statutory non-profit organization for student affairs. However, there are only enough places for a fraction of students. Studentenwerk also runs canteens and cafés on campus, which are similarly affordable. Other common housing options include renting a private room or apartment as well as living together with one or more roommates to form a Wohngemeinschaft (often abbreviated WG). Furthermore, many university students continue to live with their parents. One-third to one-half of the students work to make a little extra money, often resulting in a longer stay at university.

Recently, the implementation of the Bologna Declaration introduced bachelor’s and master’s degrees as well as ECTS credits to the German higher education system. Previously, universities conferred Diplomas and Magister degrees depending on the field of study, which usually took 4–6 years. These were the only degrees below the doctorate. In the majority of subjects, students can only study for bachelor’s and master’s degrees, as Diploma or Magister courses do not accept new enrollments. However, a few Diploma courses still prevail. The standard period of study is usually three years (six semesters, with 180 ECTS points) for bachelor’s degrees and two years (four semesters, 120 ECTS) for master’s degrees. The following Bologna degrees are common in Germany:
    Bachelor of Arts (B.A.);         
    Master of Arts (M.A.)
    Bachelor of Science (BSc);
    Master of Science (MSc)
    Bachelor of Engineering (BEng);
    Master of Engineering (MEng)
    Bachelor of Fine Arts (B.F.A.); Master of Fine Arts (M.F.A.)
    Bachelor of Music (B.Mus.); Master of Music (M.Mus.)
Universities and research institutes conduct scientific research in Germany. The raw output of scientific research from Germany consistently ranks among the world’s best. The national academy of Germany is the Leopoldina Academy of Sciences. Additionally, the Union of the German Academies of Sciences and Humanities is an umbrella organization for eight local academies and acatech is the Academy of Science and Engineering.
With many top-ranked universities & buzzing cities packed with history, vibrant nightlife, and art galleries, no wonder thousands of young international students are deciding to pursue their studies in Germany. In recent years, Germany has become one of the most popular places to study for international students. To be more precise, it is the third most popular destination.

German universities are famous for delivering high-quality education a lot of these universities even rank among the best in the world. By choosing to study in Germany, you can be sure to get an education that is well above the global average, which will come in very useful when looking for a job after graduation.

Compared to other study destinations, Germany is a very safe country. No matter if it’s day or night, or if you’re in the city or the countryside, being out and about is fairly safe taking common sense precautions.
Germany is very stable when it comes to its politics and economy. In recent polls, Germany was ranked 9th in the world for its perceived stability. Choosing to study in a stable country is a good choice for your prospects when you finish your studies.

No matter what point of your studies you’re in, there’s a study program for you in Germany.

Just because you’re studying in Germany doesn’t mean that you have to study in Germany! You’ll easily be able to find English-taught programs at most German universities suited for international students.
Most German universities believe that the best way to learn is by applying your knowledge in practice, so a lot of the study programs – especially at Universities of Applied Sciences – will be very practice-orientated.

University fees can be expensive, but luckily in Germany, the tuition fees are a lot lower compared to other countries like the US or the UK. So here in Germany, you can study at top-ranked universities at affordable tuition fees. Depending on your situation, you may need to use financial aid or apply to a scholarship program to help finance your studies. In Germany, there are lots of different options for financing your studies – both from private institutions and from the state government.

Unlike some other countries, international students are allowed to work part-time during their studies in Germany. You can work up to 20 hours a week, or 120 full days a year. Working alongside your studies is a good option for those who may need extra money to fund their time abroad, but it can also be helpful to gain work experience and increase your employability. Some common jobs for students in Germany include babysitters, administrative staff in universities, bartenders, or English tutors.
Germany is in the heart of Europe and has excellent travel links with surrounding countries like France and The Netherlands. There are lots of great cities that are no more than a few hours away that you could easily make a day trip to visit. Once you’re in Europe it’s relatively easy to travel around countries by plane or train, so make the most of it while in Germany.

QS Top-Ranked Garmany Institutions

There are some world-class universities in Germany which is known for their top-class education facilities. Details of some of them are given below: –

Technical University of Munich   37 30 59
Ludwig Maximilian University Munich 54 38 59
Heidelberg University 87 47 55
RWTH Aachen University 106 90 201
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology 119 140 301
Technische Universitat Berlin 154 136 201
University of Freiburg 192 128 101
Also, there are other top rank holder universities where students go to study and pursue their aspired degree.


For international students, the Standard IELTS scores for UK student visas are given below-

Programs IELTS Score
Bachelor’s Degree (main course) Overall 6 with NBL 5.5
Master’s Degree Overall 6.5 with NBL 6

Public University Tuition Fees in Garmany

Synonymous with affordability, public universities in Germany have carved a niche for themselves on a global platform. These institutions are so dedicated to promoting education that they offer free education to students originating from regions within the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA). Isn’t it wonderful that German universities champion inclusive education at such a high level? However, if you’re an aspiring international student from outside the EU/EEA, the educational landscape might look slightly different. Here, tuition fees, including some other administrative charges, may vary depending on the specific German university and course selected. Generally, the average tuition fee of German universities for international students at public universities ranges from €1,500 to €3,500 per semester

Private University Tuition Fees in Garmany

Upon shifting our attention onto the private sector, the financial makeup changes slightly. Unlike public institutions that receive state subsidies, private universities in Germany rely heavily on independent funding. Therefore, students usually encounter higher tuition fees. The tuition fee in private higher education institutions ranges from 10,000 EUR/year to 20,000 EUR/year, depending on the degree level and study program. Bachelor’s degrees at a private university typically require lower tuition fees than master’s degree programs. For example, tuition fees at Jacobs University Bremen, a highly-regarded private institution, a Bachelor’s Degree in International Business Administration might be priced near €30,000 per year.

Approximate Living Costs in Garmany

When estimating the cost of studying in Germany, it’s crucial to consider not only university fees but also the cost of living. Germany offers a high quality of life, and although living expenses can vary depending on factors such as lifestyle and location, the overall cost of living in Germany is relatively affordable compared to other European countries. As part of the overall cost of studying in Germany, you can expect to spend a minimum €850 per month which are around approximately 10,236 euros per year for your living expenses. Your cost of living will include accommodation, food, transportation, and leisure activities. However, it’s important to note that larger cities like Munich, Frankfurt, and Hamburg tend to have higher living costs than smaller cities or towns. So, keep these factors in mind while planning for your everyday expenses.

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